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Keats’ season of mists and  mellow fruitfulness is characterised by changing leaf tints, cooler evenings and a completely new colour palette.


For those not exhausted by their summer efforts, new challenges await…

GENERAL

  1. Tidy borders

  2. Clear weeds

  3. Compost all green rubbish to produce mulch in time for next spring

  4. Don’t compost the roots of perennial weeds unless you shred them first.

  5. Plant spring bulbs in containers

  6. Dig empty areas of soil


VEGETABLES

  1. Harvest your sprouts, leeks, cauliflowers, main crop potatoes, carrots parsnips, pumpkins and winter squashes.

  2. Remove the yellowing leaves of from winter brassicas

  3. Plant spring cabbage and over-wintering onion sets.

  4. When storing onions remove loose scales as this is where mould begins.

  5. Tidy and clean out cold frames ready for use.

  6. Remove old plant remains for composting. Burn any diseased crops.

  7. Take semi-ripe cuttings of herbs and protect them under cloches.

  8. Stake up Brussels sprouts.


SHRUBS

  1. Plant new trees or shrubs.

  2. Take cuttings of gooseberries and blackberries.

  3. Prune gooseberries and cane fruit.

  4. Tidy up broken or diseased branches.

  5. Grease-band apples and cherries.

  6. Spray peaches against leaf curl.

  7. Now is the time for any root pruning.


FLOWERS

  1. Plant crown imperials, wallflowers, forget-me-nots and polyanthus and firm them in.

  2. Tidy up and trim flower bed perennials.

  3. Make a final sowing of hardy annuals.

  4. Divide herbaceous perennials.

  5. Sow alpines in the cold frame.

  6. Continue to plant bulbs especially tulips.


FRUITs

  1. Create new strawberry beds

  2. Prune blackberries


SHRUBS

  1. Plant container-grown trees, shrubs, climbers and roses.

  2. Continue to plant evergreen trees and shrubs, also permanent climbers such as wisteria and clematis.

  3. Take hardwood cuttings.


LAWN

  1. If you are making a new lawn, now is the time to lay turf

  2. Reduce your mowing activity

  3. If necessary apply a dressing of sharp sand to improve soil and drainage. 


GREENHOUSE

  1. Sow annuals for next year.

  2. Pot up rooted cuttings.

  3. Indoor bulbs can be planted and kept cool.

  4. Give your greenhouse a thorough cleaning

  5. Install insulation such as bubble-wrap.


POND

  1. Have a good clear out

  2. Cut down the dead and dying leaves of marginal plants

JANUARY
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OCTOBER
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  OCTOBER

Crab apples are at their best from September to December and can provide some real impact and colour - especially in small gardens. They are also very good for attracting birds into the garden.

OCTOBER - TIP OF THE MONTH